2019 Natural Therapies Review
The Natural Therapies Review is being led by the Australian Government Chief Medical Officer (CMO) supported by the Natural Therapies Review Expert Advisory Panel (NTREAP) and utilising the expertise of the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC).
The CMO’s review will assess additional available evidence for natural therapies and provide advice to Government on whether certain natural therapies should be eligible for subsidy through the private health insurance rebate.
Wed 4/11/2020: Natural Therapies Review stakeholder update
Following the recent NTREAP meeting held on 21 Oct, the Dept of Health hosted a stakeholder update teleconference on Wednesday 4 Nov, PAA president, Sharan Simmons attended. The Dept of Health team provided an overview of the outcomes for the NTREAP meeting and an update on the progress of the NHMRC.
We were advised the call for evidence for Tranche 2 natural therapies had closed on 23 Oct 2020. This included Alexander technique, aromatherapy, Bowen therapy, Buteyko, Feldenkrais, homeopathy, iridology, kinesiology and reflexology.
The relevant points for Pilates are outlined below and the link to the full NTREAP meeting outcomes is available https://www.health.gov.au/resources/publications/ntreap-meeting-outcomes-21-october-2020
Progress and timing of the Review
The NTREAP noted the:
- extended timeframes for the Review until mid-late 2021
- next meeting of the NTREAP is planned for February 2021, and is likely to focus on consideration of Tranche 1 draft evidence evaluation reports which includes Pilates
Draft Research Protocols
The NTREAP discussed issues relating to evidence analysis for further consideration by the NHMRC including:
- subgroup analysis;
- article screening process involving two reviewers to reduce bias; and
- non-English studies where abstracts unable to be readily translated.
The NTREAP noted the:
- guidance provided to support member input on outcomes prioritisation;
- inclusion of prevention outcomes for at-risk populations
We would like to take this opportunity to thank Dr Penny Latey for the enormous amount of time & effort she has dedicated in a voluntary capacity to the NTREAP process. She has been instrumental in ensuring the voice of Pilates instructors is heard.
After delays attributed to COVID-19, the Natural Therapies Review Expert Advisory Panel (NTREAP) met this week, Wed 21 October 2020.
Recently, PAA Research Chair, Robyn Rix and President, Sharan Simmons attended the fourth Natural Therapies Review stakeholder teleconference, the broad update provided included:
- New lead of the Natural Therapies Review appointed – Deputy Chief Medical Officer, Professor Michael Kidd. Professor Brendan Murphy is now Secretary of the Department of Health.
- Finalisation of Tranche 1 research protocols for Pilates, Rolfing, tai chi and yoga have been published on PROSPERO, https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?RecordID=191918
- Tranche 1 Call for Evidence completed – Publication of submitted research citations on Health Department’s website has been delayed until finalisation of research protocols (now complete)- Pilates, Rolfing, tai chi and yoga to be published shortly.
- Tranche 2 Call for Evidence has been open for four weeks from 28 September 2020 and is closing today, 23 October 2020.
- The Health Department anticipates the Natural Therapies Review will not be completed by the end of 2020, as originally announced by Minister Hunt and is anticipating it is likely to be completed around mid-2021.
The PAA have concerns about the lack of consultation on the research protocols and the advice that they are final and have expressed our concerns directly to the NTR secretariat.
The research protocols were published on Prospero in July and notification of this has only just been provided. NTREAP members were also not advised the research protocols had been finalised and published.
We have also noted that there are issues with some aspects of the protocols and Robyn Rix, PAA Treasurer and Research Chair has drafted a response to The Natural Therapies Review secretariat explaining these concerns.
Collating the research has been a massive task. We were allowed to include any research, not just research that has been published since the previous review. (The previous review, called the 2014-15 Natural Therapies Review, included just 13 studies and excluded any studies that were not available in English.)
In this review, we have submitted over 400 studies, with a small proportion of these being in Spanish, Portuguese and other languages.
A special thanks to Sally Murray for her help in reviewing some of the studies, Nathalia Cordeiro da Costa for her early advice and guidance when I didn’t know what a PEDro score was, & for offers of help from others. I describe myself as a pedantic Virgo (is that tautology?) so I found it difficult to relinquish control but invaluable assistance also came from Penny Latey (the Pilates representation on the Advisory Panel) and Susie Bond from the APMA.
We were advised that the highest level of evidence was a Systematic Review where a researcher looks at all the studies done in a particular area e.g. juvenile arthritis and summarises the findings. With each systematic review, I needed to check through which studies they had included and make sure that they were included in our list. Then, I would search for any studies that they had missed or that had been published since their review & include them. All studies had to have appeared in a peer-reviewed journal.
The next step was to remove studies. Was the study of a high quality (that is where PEDro comes in as it is a rating tool)? And that was not the first or the last time I felt like I had fallen down a rabbit hole. PEDro rates study out of 10, but 2 of the criteria were whether the “therapist” had been blinded & whether the “patient” had been blinded. In a drug trial, this makes sense; does the person handing out the pills know who has gotten the real pills & who has gotten the placebo? Likewise for the recipient of the pills. But how do you hide the fact you are teaching or being taught Pilates? After some discussion, it was agreed that it was not possible so that meant that studies with a score out of 8 were considered to be excellent & those with 4 were Ok rather than sub-standard.
Then we removed studies that used two or more therapies together. There are some excellent studies, for example, that show that yoga & Pilates combined do great things, e.g. in post-partum exercise, but since it is impossible to separate the effects of each therapy they needed to be removed.
I have to say I have seen some great studies, & in the coming months I will be sharing some of the research with you. We see every day the incredible miracle of Pilates with our clients and it is truly wonderful to see proof of this published. Let’s hope the proof is sufficient to convince the Health Department of the value of what we do.
Here is the updated info on the NTR from the Dept health website
PAA Treasurer & Research Chair
What Happens Next (from the Dept health website):
How the citations will be managed
Receipt of all submissions should have been acknowledged by the Department. However, due to the high volume of submissions the Department will endeavour to publish a list of citations forwarded to the NHMRC for consideration and those which are out-of-scope, including the rationale for their exclusion. The Department expects to publish this list by 6 March 2020.
The citations for studies that are in scope of this call will be provided to the evidence reviewers for consideration.
Assessment against final research protocols
The scope of this call for evidence aligned with the draft research protocols.
The evidence reviewers will make the final assessment as to what studies will be included according to the inclusion/exclusion criteria documented in the final research protocols. The research protocols define and justify in advance which studies will be included (and excluded) in the review.
The final research protocols will made publically available on PROSPERO. PROSPERO is an international database of prospectively registered systematic reviews in health and social care.
Sharan Simmons (President) and Robyn Rix (Treasurer/Research) attended the teleconference for stakeholders on 31 January 2020. The Health Department Natural Therapy Review team reviewed the summary of the 16 January meeting and answered questions, providing more insight into the process and timetable.
The next NTREAP meeting will be scheduled in April. **no date is set yet
Third Natural Therapies Review Expert Advisory Panel (NTREAP) Meeting Outcomes Summary: Meeting Outcomes 16 January 2020
Consultation Period: Call for evidence for the Natural Therapies Review 2019-20 – tranche 1 natural therapies (including Pilates)
The consultation period for the call for evidence commenced on Monday 27 January 2020 and will close on 21 February 2020. Robyn Rix (Treasurer) has been tirelessly working on collating new and existing Pilates research evidence whilst also liaising with Penny Latey (NTREAP). The Health Department is inviting stakeholders to submit citations for published scientific research studies for consideration in the Natural Therapies Review 2019-20.
If PAA members are aware of any new scientific research studies to include please contact the PAA firstname.lastname@example.org. We will cross check that all relevant studies are included and submitted to the Natural Therapies Review.
Third stakeholder update teleconference
The Department is holding a third stakeholder teleconference on 31 January, to provide an update for stakeholders on the progress of the Natural Therapies Review 2019-20. The Outcome Summary of the NTREAP meeting (16 January 2020) will be shared with members as soon as it is available.
Thursday 12 December 2019
The second NTREAP meeting was held on 28 November and a summary of outcomes was distributed to stakeholders:
Following the meeting the Department of Health facilitated a teleconference on 12 December to update stakeholders on the Review. The most notable information was that the NHMRC had developed a comprehensive tiered methodology to review the available research, starting with Systematic Reviews, the highest level of evidence, followed by RCT (randomised control trial) and then non RCT if insufficient evidence was available. The final research protocols will be published in Feb 2020.
Robyn Rix is compiling the research studies ready for submission in early 2020.
Thursday 7 November 2019
The National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) has announced the members of the Natural Therapies Working Committee. The NHMRC Natural Therapies Working Committee will oversee research evaluations on the clinical effectiveness of natural therapies which were excluded from private health insurance rebates from 1 April 2019.
The research evaluations are being prepared for the Department of Health for the Natural Therapies Review 2019-20 – an update to the 2014-15 review to assess additional evidence of the clinical effectiveness of the 16 excluded natural therapies.
For more information including the list of committee members: Natural Therapies Working Committee
Second NTREAP meeting
The Department has scheduled the second Natural Therapies Review Expert Advisory Panel (NTREAP) meeting for Thursday 28 November 2019 in Melbourne.
The next stakeholder teleconference on the progress of the Natural Therapies Review 2019-20 is expected to be held 2-3 weeks after this meeting. Closer to the date of the NTREAP meeting the Department will confirm the date/time of the stakeholder teleconference and invite organisations to arrange for a representative to participate.
Friday 20 September 2019
On Friday 20 September the Department of Health scheduled the first of what are planned to be regular teleconferences to provide updates for interested stakeholders on the progress of the Natural Therapies Review 2019-20. Brian Kelleher from the Private Health Insurance department of the Health Department spoke to the NTREAP Meeting Outcomes summary from 11 September meeting (see below). Also in attendance were about 20 association representatives from the excluded natural therapies plus representatives from APA and ESSA.
The Chief Medical Officer (CMO) Brendan Murphy has directed regular engagement with stakeholders. The purpose of the teleconferences is to provide stakeholders with information on the progress of the review and advise what will be discussed at meetings and information to be provided.
The CMO has selected the panel members to provide a good cross section of expertise representing each natural therapy included. The full list of NTREAP members is available on the Health Department website. The NTREAP panel is one point of engagement for stakeholders, the secretariat will also accept research and questions.
The National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC), who will conduct the review of research, are observers at NTREAP meetings to allow close alignment. The NHMRC membership is expected to be published next week; 2 members of the NTREAP, Prof Wardle and Prof Bensoussan will also be a part of the NHMRC.
NHMRC is commencing work to develop research protocols during October and this is expected to be made public in November. The NTREAP will meet again in November to review the protocols and stakeholders would anticipate an update following this meeting. Stakeholders have been advised to provide research a) that was NOT included in the previous review or b) has been published since the previous review.
The PAA is collating a database of eligible research and welcomes submissions from members which will then be sent on to the secretariat. Please email Robyn Rix with any suggested research after ensuring it is not already listed below.
The CMO and NTREAP are expected to meet late February 2020 and then mid year (before financial year end) depending on the progress of the work of the NHMRC. We were advised to anticipate at least 3 more check ins for stakeholders.
There was also time for questions which generally addressed what type of evidence would be considered, we were reminded that the focus for the review was to determine if there is evidence to support clinical efficacy of individual natural therapies to determine if the therapy may be reinstated.
I will keep you all updated as I receive more information. Please reply to email@example.com if you have any items you feel need to be addressed.
Monday 16 September 2019
The Natural Therapies Review Expert Advisory Panel (NTREAP) has been announced and met for the first time on Wednesday 11 September 2019. The panel includes representatives from various natural therapies that were excluded following the findings of the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) report 2015, public health academics, government representatives and a consumer advocate. Dr Penelope Latey has been appointed from the Pilates profession.
An updated systematic review on any further evidence (published since the 2015 review was completed) and evidence missed during that review, will be undertaken by the NHMRC over the next few months. The NTREAP meeting discussed the importance of providing good quality evidence on the efficacy of any currently excluded natural therapies to enable these therapies to be reappraised for possible inclusion as a claimable item by Private Health Fund (PHI) insurers.
All excluded natural therapies will need to ensure that they submit good quality evidence, from peer reviewed Journals to support this process.
A list of research already compiled by the PAA for the Review can be found below.
The Pilates profession can assist in this process by advising of any research we may have missed. The criteria are as follows:
- studies completed from 2013 to now
- available in English
- published in a peer reviewed journal
- meeting the standards as set out by Cochrane. (The Cochrane website offers a large amount of information about research evidence and how it is evaluated as well as a library of systematic reviews on many health care topics, and it is well worth viewing their ‘What are systematic reviews’ video.)
If you find a study that meets these criteria and is not included in our list, please send an email with the author & title of the study to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Pilates will be in the first tranche to be reviewed, along with naturopathy, western herbalism, yoga, Tai Chi and Shiatsu. A committee will coordinate findings and present results to the NTREAP and the NHMRC group, completing the review by the end of October this year.
We look forward to your support in this process to ensure that Pilates that is provided by comprehensively trained Pilates teachers is recognised as a standalone profession. Participating in the Natural Therapies Review is a positive step for Pilates being recognised as a valid, safe and therapeutic intervention contributing to health and wellness.
Natural Therapies Review Research list
Last updated 21 December 2019
|Name of study||Year published||Authors|
|Yoga and other meditative movement therapies to reduce chronic pain.||2017||Achilefu A; Joshi K; Meier M; McCarthy LH, The Journal Of The Oklahoma State Medical Association [J Okla State Med Assoc], ISSN: 0030-1876, 2017 Jan; Vol. 110 (1), pp. 14-16; Publisher: Oklahoma State Medical Association; PMID: 28190896|
|Some Effects of Supplemental Pilates Training on the Posture, Strength, and Flexibility of Dancers 17 to 22 Years of Age.||2018||Ahearn EL, Greene A, Lasner A. (2018) Journal of Dance Medicine & Science 22(4), 192-202.|
|Comparison of the Effect of Acupressure and Pilates-Based Exercises on Sleep Quality of Postmenopausal Women: A Randomized ControlledTrial.||2017||Ahmadinezhad M; Kargar M; Vizeshfar F; Hadianfard MJ, Iranian Journal Of Nursing And Midwifery Research [Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res], ISSN: 1735-9066, 2017 Mar-Apr; Vol. 22 (2), pp. 140-146; Publisher: Medknow Publications; PMID: 28584553|
|Effects of Pilates training on sleep quality, anxiety, depression and fatigue in postmenopausal women: A randomized controlled trial.||2019||Aibar-Almazán A; Hita-Contreras F; Cruz-Díaz D; de la Torre-Cruz M; Jiménez-García JD; Martínez-Amat A, Maturitas [Maturitas], ISSN: 1873-4111, 2019 Jun; Vol. 124, pp. 62-67; Publisher: Elsevier/North Holland Biomedical Press; PMID: 31097181|
|Effects of Pilates on fall risk factors in community-dwelling elderly women: A randomized, controlled trial.||2019||Aibar-Almazán A; Martínez-Amat A; Cruz-Díaz D; De la Torre-Cruz MJ; Jiménez-García JD; Zagalaz-Anula N; Pérez-Herrezuelo I; Hita-Contreras F, European Journal Of Sport Science [Eur J Sport Sci], ISSN: 1536-7290, 2019 Apr 16, pp. 1-9; Publisher: Routledge/Taylor & Francis; PMID: 30990762|
|Pilates-based exercise for persistent, non-specific low back pain and associated functional disability: a meta-analysis with meta-regression||2013||Aladro-Gonzalvo AR, Araya-Vargas GA, Machado-Diaz M, Salazar-Rojas W|
|A study to analyse the efficacy of modified Pilates based exercises and therapeutic exercises in individuals with chronic non specific low back pain: a randomized controlled trial||2014||Albert Anand U, Mariet Caroline P, Arun B, Lakshmi Gomathi G (International Journal of Physiotherapy and Research,Int J Physiother Res 2014, Vol 2(3):525-29. ISSN 2321-1822)|
|Effect of Pilates training on people with ankylosing spondylitis||2013||Altan L, et al. (2012). Rheumatol Int 32(7): 2093-2099.|
|Application of Pilates principles increases paraspinal muscle activation||2015||Andrade LS, et al. (2015) . J Bodywork Move Ther 19(1): 62-66.|
|The effects of clinical Pilates exercises on bone mineral density, physical performance and quality of life of women with postmenopausal osteoporosis||TBA||Angin E, Erden Z, Can F|
|Effects of resistance training, tai chi chuan and mat pilates on multiple health variables in postmenopausal women||2018||Araujo-Gomez RC, et al. (2018) . Journal of Human Sport and Exercise Vol 0, Iss 0 (2018)(0).|
|Timed-daily ingestion of whey protein and exercise training reduces visceral adipose tissue mass and improves insulin resistance: the PRISE study||TBA||Arciero PJ, Baur D, Connelly S, Ormsbee MJ|
|Pilates Exercise Improves Hip Joint Flexion Mobility in Rugby Players||2018||Arihiro H, et al. (2018) . Advances in Exercise & Sports Physiology 24(3): 45-49.|
|Effectiveness of Manual Therapy and Therapeutic Exercise for Temporomandibular Disorders: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.||2016||Armijo-Olivo S; Pitance L; Singh V; Neto F; Thie N; Michelotti A, Physical Therapy [Phys Ther], ISSN: 1538-6724, 2016 Jan; Vol. 96 (1), pp. 9-25; Publisher: Oxford University Press; PMID: 26294683|
|The effects of Pilates exercise on sleep quality in postpartum women||TBA||Ashrafinia F, Mirmohammadali M, Rajabi H, Kazemnejad A, Sadeghniiat Haghighi K, Amelvalizadeh M, Chen H|
|Effect of Pilates exercises on postpartum maternal fatigue.||2015||Ashrafinia F, Mirmohammadali M, Rajabi H, Kazemnejad A, Sadeghniiat Haghighi K, Amelvalizadeh M. Singapore Med J. 2015 Mar;56(3):169-73.|
|The effects of Clinical Pilates exercises on patients with shoulder pain: A randomised clinical trial.||2017||Atilgan E, Aytar A, Caglar A, Tigli AA, Arin G, Yapali G, Kisacik P, Berberoglu U, Sener HO, Unal E. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2017 Oct;21(4):847-851. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.02.003. Epub 2017 Mar 4.|
|Examining the postural awareness and flexibility changes in physical therapy students who took clinical Pilates class||2017||Atilgan E, et al. (2017). Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences 33(3), 640-644.|
|Effect of 12 weeks of selected Pilates exercise training on serum adiponectin level and insulin resistance in female survivors of breast cancer and its role in prevention of recurrence) [Persian]||2015||Azamian A, Mobarekeh BG, Vismeh Z, Gohar NP|
|Predictors of functional improvement in people with chronic low back pain following a graded Pilates-based exercise programme||2019||Baillie L, et al. (2019) . J Bodyw Mov Ther 23(1): 211-218.|
|Effect of 8-week Pilates exercises on kinematic parameters of balance and gait in deaf high school students) [Persian]||2018||Baluchi R, Babakhani F, Sheikhhoseini R, Panahi Yeng Abad M, Shirzad E|
|Activity of Lower Limb Muscles During Squat With and Without Abdominal Drawing-in and Pilates Breathing||2017||Barbosa AC, Martins FM, Silva AF, Coelho AC, Intelangelo L, Vieira ER. J Strength Cond Res. 2017 Nov;31(11):3018-3023. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001877.|
|The Pilates breathing technique increases the electromyographic amplitude level of the deep abdominal muscles in untrained people||2015||Barbosa AWC, et al. (2015) . J Bodywork Move Ther 19(1): 57-61.|
|Effect of pilates exercise for improving balance in older adults: a systematic review with meta-analysis.||2015||Barker AL; Bird ML; Talevski J, Archives Of Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation [Arch Phys Med Rehabil], ISSN: 1532-821X, 2015 Apr; Vol. 96 (4), pp. 715-23; Publisher: W.B. Saunders; PMID: 25511371|
|Feasibility of Pilates exercise to decrease falls risk: a pilot randomized controlled trial in community-dwelling older people.||2016||Barker AL; Talevski J; Bohensky MA; Brand CA; Cameron PA; Morello RT, Clinical Rehabilitation [Clin Rehabil], ISSN: 1477-0873, 2016 Oct; Vol. 30 (10), pp. 984-996; Publisher: SAGE Publications; PMID: 26385357|
|The Acute Effects of Mat Pilates on Hemodynamic and Salivary Nitrite Responses After Exercise in Postmenopausal Women||2019||Batista JP, et al. (2019). J Aging Phys Act: 1-7.|
|Effect of pilates method on inspiratory and expiratory muscle strength in the elderly||2018||Beatriz Mendes T & Marcelo Tavella N. (2018) . Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano Vol 20, Iss 1, Pp 1-9 (2018)(1), 1.|
|Exercise and Sports Science Australia (ESSA) position statement on exercise prescription for the prevention and management of osteoporosis||2017||Beck BR, et al. (2017) . J Sci Med Sport 20(5): 438-445.|
|Effects of a Pilates exercise program on muscle strength, postural control and body composition: results from a pilot study in a group of post-menopausal women||2015||Bergamin M, et al. (2015). Age (Dordr) Dec;37(6):118.|
|Effects of Mat Pilates on hip and knee isokinetic torque parameters in elderly women||2018||Bertoli J, et al. (2018) . J Bodywork Move Ther 22(3), 798-804.|
|Are Pilates and yoga right for clients with low bone density?||2015||Betz SR. (2015) IDEA Fitness Journal Sept; pp. 80-84.|
|Comparative effectiveness of lumbar stabilization, dynamic strengthening, and Pilates on chronic low back pain: randomized clinical trial||2017||Bhadauria EA, Gurudut P (J Exerc Rehabil. 2017 Aug; 13(4): 477485.
Published online 2017 Aug 29. doi: 10.12965/jer.1734972.486)
|Positive long-term effects of Pilates exercise on the aged-related decline in balance and strength in older, community-dwelling men and women||2014||Bird ML, & Fell J. (2014) . J Aging Phys Act 22(3): 342-347.|
|There is not yet strong evidence that exercise regimens other than pelvic floor muscle training can reduce stress urinary incontinence in women: a systematic review [with consumer summary]||2013||Bo K, Herbert RD|
|Pilates exercises improve low back pain and quality of life in patients with HTLV-1 virus: a randomized crossover clinical trial||2014||Borges J, Baptista AF, Santana N, Souza I, Kruschewsky RA, Galvao-Castro B, Sa KN (J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2014 Jan;18(1):68-74. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2013.05.010. Epub 2013 Jun 5.)|
|Effects of Mat Pilates on Physical Functional Performance of Older Adults: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.||2018||Bueno de Souza RO; Marcon LF; Arruda ASF; Pontes Junior FL; Melo RC, American Journal Of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation [Am J Phys Med Rehabil], ISSN: 1537-7385, 2018 Jun; Vol. 97 (6), pp. 414-425; Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; PMID: 29283899|
|The effects of Mat Pilates and Reformer Pilates in patients with Multiple Sclerosis: A randomized controlled study.||2017||Bulguroglu I, Guclu-Gunduz A, Yazici G, Ozkul C, Irkec C, Nazliel B, Batur-Caglayan HZ. NeuroRehabilitation. 2017;41(2):413-422. doi: 10.3233/NRE-162121.|
|The effects of Pilates exercise training on physical fitness and wellbeing in the elderly: A systematic review for future exercise prescription.||2015||Bullo V, Bergamin M, Gobbo S, Sieverdes JC, Zaccaria M, Neunhaeuserer D, Ermolao A. Prev Med. 2015 Jun;75:1-11. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.03.002. Epub 2015 Mar 12. Review.|
|Is Pilates an effective rehabilitation tool? A systematic review.||2018||Byrnes K; Wu PJ; Whillier S, Journal Of Bodywork And Movement Therapies [J Bodyw Mov Ther], ISSN: 1532-9283, 2018 Jan; Vol. 22 (1), pp. 192-202; Publisher: Churchill Livingstone; PMID: 29332746|
|Effects of Pilates on muscle strength, postural balance and quality of life of older adults: a randomized, controlled, clinical trial.||2015||Campos de Oliveira L; Gonçalves de Oliveira R; Pires-Oliveira DA, Journal Of Physical Therapy Science [J Phys Ther Sci], ISSN: 0915-5287, 2015 Mar; Vol. 27 (3), pp. 871-6; Publisher: Society of Physical Therapy Science; PMID: 25931749|
|Effects of mat Pilates training and habitual physical activity on thoracoabdominal \\expansion during quiet and vital capacity breathing in healthy women||2019||Campos JL, et al. (2019) . J Sports Med Phys Fitness 59(1): 57-64.|
|Effect of the Pilates method on physical conditioning of healthy subjects: a systematic review and meta-analysis.||2016||Campos RR; Dias JM; Pereira LM; Obara K; Barreto MS; Silva MF; Mazuquin BF; Christofaro DG; Fernandes RA; Iversen MD; Cardoso JR, The Journal Of Sports Medicine And Physical Fitness [J Sports Med Phys Fitness], ISSN: 1827-1928, 2016 Jul-Aug; Vol. 56 (7-8), pp. 864-73; Publisher: Edizioni Minerva Medica; PMID: 26004043|
|Effects of Pilates method in physical fitness on older adults. A systematic review.||2014||Cancela J, et al. (2014) European Reviews of Aging & Physical Activity 11(2): 81-94.|
|Feasibility and Efficacy of Mat Pilates on People with Mild-to-Moderate Parkinson's Disease: A Preliminary Study.||2018||Cancela JM; Mollinedo Cardalda I; Ayán C; de Oliveira IM, Rejuvenation Research [Rejuvenation Res], ISSN: 1557-8577, 2018 Apr; Vol. 21 (2), pp. 109-116; Publisher: Mary Ann Liebert Inc.; PMID: 28712331|
|Respiratory pattern of diaphragmatic breathing and Pilates breathing in COPD subjects||2014||Cancelliero-Gaiad Karina M, et al. (2014) . Revista Brasileira de Fisioterapia Sao Carlos (Sao Paulo, Brazil) 18(4): 291-299. (Prospective, Randomized Crossover Trial)|
|Muscle strategies for leg extensions on a Reformer apparatus||2015||Cantergi D, et al. (2015) . J Electromyogr Kinesiol Apr;25(2):260-4.|
|Pilates vs. muscular training in older women. Effects in functional factors and the cognitive interaction: A randomized controlled trial.||2019||Carrasco-Poyatos M; Rubio-Arias JA; Ballesta-García I; Ramos-Campo DJ, Physiology & Behavior [Physiol Behav], ISSN: 1873-507X, 2019 Mar 15; Vol. 201, pp. 157-164; Publisher: Elsevier Science; PMID: 30529737|
|Ottawa Panel Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines for Structured Physical Activity in the Management of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis.||2017||Cavallo S; Brosseau L; Toupin-April K; Wells GA; Smith CA; Pugh AG; Stinson J; Thomas R; Ahmed S; Duffy CM; Rahman P; Àlvarez-Gallardo IC; Loew L; De Angelis G; Feldman DE; Majnemer A; Gagnon IJ; Maltais D; Mathieu MÈ; Kenny GP; Tupper S; Whitney-Mahoney K; Bigford S, Archives Of Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation [Arch Phys Med Rehabil], ISSN: 1532-821X, 2017 May; Vol. 98 (5), pp. 1018-1041; Publisher: W.B. Saunders; PMID: 27932265|
|The effectiveness of Pilates for partial anterior cruciate ligament injury.||2017||Çelik D & Turkel N. (2015) Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc Aug 1.|
|Effects of the Pilates method on neck pain: a systematic review||2017||Cemin NF, Detogni Schmit EF, Tarrago Candotti C|
|Comparison between specific exercises and physical therapy for managing patients with ankylosing spondylitis: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials||2016||Chang W-D, Tsou Y-A, Lee C-L|
|Effectiveness of Pilates training in improving hamstring flexibility of football players||2015||Chinnavan E, Gopaladhas S, Kaikondan P|
|Intra-abdominal pressure during Pilates: unlikely to cause pelvic floor harm||2015||Coleman TJ, et al. (2015). Int Urogynecol J.|
|Comparative effects of 12 weeks of equipment based and mat Pilates in patients with Chronic Low Back Pain on pain, function and transversus abdominis activation. A randomized controlled trial.||2017||Cruz-Díaz D; Bergamin M; Gobbo S; Martínez-Amat A; Hita-Contreras F, Complementary Therapies In Medicine [Complement Ther Med], ISSN: 1873-6963, 2017 Aug; Vol. 33, pp. 72-77; Publisher: Elsevier; PMID: 28735829|
|Effects of a six-week Pilates intervention on balance and fear of falling in women aged over 65 with chronic low-back pain: A randomized controlled trial.||2015||Cruz-Díaz D; Martínez-Amat A; De la Torre-Cruz MJ; Casuso RA; de Guevara NM; Hita-Contreras F, Maturitas [Maturitas], ISSN: 1873-4111, 2015 Dec; Vol. 82 (4), pp. 371-6; Publisher: Elsevier/North Holland Biomedical Press; PMID: 26277254|
|Short- and long-term effects of a six-week clinical Pilates program in addition to physical therapy on postmenopausal women with chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled trial.||2016||Cruz-Díaz D; Martínez-Amat A; Osuna-Pérez MC; De la Torre-Cruz MJ; Hita-Contreras F, Disability And Rehabilitation [Disabil Rehabil], ISSN: 1464-5165, 2016; Vol. 38 (13), pp. 1300-8; Publisher: Taylor & Francis; PMID: 26474232|
|The effectiveness of 12?weeks of Pilates intervention on disability, pain and kinesiophobia in patients with chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled trial.||2018||Cruz-Díaz D; Romeu M; Velasco-González C; Martínez-Amat A; Hita-Contreras F, Clinical Rehabilitation [Clin Rehabil], ISSN: 1477-0873, 2018 Sep; Vol. 32 (9), pp. 1249-1257; Publisher: SAGE Publications; PMID: 29651872|
|Does Pilates-Based Exercise Improve Postural Alignment in Adult Women? Women & Health||2013||Cruz-Ferreira A et al. (2013) Aug; 53(6): 597-611. (Randomized Controlled Trial)|
|Effects of 16-weeks of Pilates on functional autonomy and life satisfaction among elderly women.||2018||Curi VS; Haas AN; Alves-Vilaça J; Fernandes HM, Journal Of Bodywork And Movement Therapies [J Bodyw Mov Ther], ISSN: 1532-9283, 2018 Apr; Vol. 22 (2), pp. 424-429; Publisher: Churchill Livingstone; PMID: 29861245|
|Effects of 16-weeks of Pilates on health perception and sleep quality among elderly women.||2018||Curi VS; Vilaça J; Haas AN; Fernandes HM, Archives Of Gerontology And Geriatrics [Arch Gerontol Geriatr], ISSN: 1872-6976, 2018 Jan; Vol. 74, pp. 118-122; Publisher: Elsevier Biomedical Press; PMID: 29096225|
|Analysis of activities in the daily lives of older adults exposed to the Pilates Method||2014||Curi-Perez, et al. (2014) . J Bodywork Move Ther 18(3): 326-331.|
|Effect of the Pilates method on women with temporomandibular disorders: A study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.||2016||da Costa LMR; Schimit EFD; Souza C; Wagner Neto ES; de Souza da Silva L; Candotti CT; Loss JF, Journal Of Bodywork And Movement Therapies [J Bodyw Mov Ther], ISSN: 1532-9283, 2016 Jan; Vol. 20 (1), pp. 110-114; Publisher: Churchill Livingstone; PMID: 26891645|
|Effectiveness of mat Pilates or equipment-based Pilates exercises in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain: a randomized controlled trial||2014||da Luz MA, Costa LOP, Fuhro FF, Manzoni ACT, Oliveira NTB, Cabral CMN (Phys Ther. 2014 May;94(5):623-31. doi: 10.2522/ptj.20130277. Epub 2014 Jan 16.)|
|Outcomes of a pilates-based intervention for individuals with lateral epicondylosis: A pilot study.||2015||Dale LM, Mikuski C, Miller J. Work. 2015;53(1):163-74.|
|Comparison of the effects of two selected exercises of Theraband and Pilates on the balance and strength of lower limb in elderly women) [Persian]||2015||Dashti P, Shabani M, Moazami M|
|Benefits of Pilates in Parkinsons Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis||2019||David Suárez-Iglesias, Kyle J Miller, ,Manuel Seijo-Martínez, Carlos Ayán|
|The influence of inspiratory muscle training combined with the Pilates method on lung function in elderly women: A randomized controlled trial.||2018||de Alvarenga GM; Charkovski SA; Santos LKD; Silva MABD; Tomaz GO; Gamba HR, Clinics (Sao Paulo, Brazil) [Clinics (Sao Paulo)], ISSN: 1980-5322, 2018; Vol. 73, pp. e356; Publisher: Hospital das Cli?nicas, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sa?o Paulo; PMID: 29924184|
|Effectiveness of the Pilates Method in the Treatment of Chronic Mechanical Neck Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial.||2018||de Araujo Cazotti L; Jones A; Roger-Silva D; Ribeiro LHC; Natour J, Archives Of Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation [Arch Phys Med Rehabil], ISSN: 1532-821X, 2018 Sep; Vol. 99 (9), pp. 1740-1746; Publisher: W.B. Saunders; PMID: 29752907|
|Immediate effect of a Pilates method exercise session on the co-contraction pattern of the trunk stabilizing muscles in individuals with and without nonspecific chronic low back pain||2018||de Barros Silveira AP, et al. (2018). Fisioterapia e Pesquisa 25(2): 173-181. (Portuguese)|
|Effects of Pilates method in elderly people: Systematic review of randomized controlled trials.||2015||de Oliveira Francisco C; de Almeida Fagundes A; Gorges B, Journal Of Bodywork And Movement Therapies [J Bodyw Mov Ther], ISSN: 1532-9283, 2015 Jul; Vol. 19 (3), pp. 500-8; Publisher: Churchill Livingstone; PMID: 26118523|
|Effects of Pilates on muscle strength, postural balance and quality of life of older adults: a randomized, controlled, clinical trial||TBA||de Oliveira LC, Goncalves de Oliveira R, de Almeida Pires-Oliveira DA|
|Effects of Whole-Body Vibration Versus Pilates Exercise on Bone Mineral Density in Postmenopausal Women: A Randomized and Controlled Clinical Trial.||2019||de Oliveira LC; de Oliveira RG; de Almeida Pires-Oliveira DA, Journal Of Geriatric Physical Therapy (2001) [J Geriatr Phys Ther], ISSN: 2152-0895, 2019 Apr/Jun; Vol. 42 (2), pp. E23-E31; Publisher: Section on Geriatrics of the American Physical Therapy Association; PMID: 29443867|
|Pilates method in the community: effect on the body posture of elderly women||2018||de Oliveira LMN, et al. (2018) . Fisioterapia e Pesquisa 25(3): 315-322. (Portuguese)|
|The effectiveness of general physical exercise for individuals with chronic neck pain: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials||2018||de Zoete RMJ, Brown L, Oliveira K, Penglaze L, Rex R, Sawtell B, Sullivan T|
|The effects of a novel Pilates exercise prescription method on people with non-specific unilateral musculoskeletal pain: a randomised pilot trial||2016||Devasahayam AJ, Ho DRY, Leung EYS, Goh MR, Koh P|
|A Pilates exercise program with pelvic floor muscle contraction: Is it effective for pregnant women? A randomized controlled trial.||2018||Dias NT; Ferreira LR; Fernandes MG; Resende APM; Pereira-Baldon VS, Neurourology And Urodynamics [Neurourol Urodyn], ISSN: 1520-6777, 2018 Jan; Vol. 37 (1), pp. 379-384; Publisher: Alan R. Liss; PMID: 28543751|
|Effect of diverse physical rehabilitative interventions on static postural control in diabetic peripheral neuropathy: a systematic review.||2018||Dixit S; Gular K; Asiri F, Physiotherapy Theory And Practice [Physiother Theory Pract], ISSN: 1532-5040, 2018 Jul 06, pp. 1-12; Publisher: Informa Healthcare; PMID: 29979897|
|Pilates vs. Balance Training in Health Community-Dwelling Seniors: a 3-arm, Randomized ControlledTrial.||2016||Donath L; Roth R; Hürlimann C; Zahner L; Faude O, International Journal Of Sports Medicine [Int J Sports Med], ISSN: 1439-3964, 2016 Mar; Vol. 37 (3), pp. 202-10; Publisher: Thieme; PMID: 26630547|
|Pilates improves lower limbs strength and postural control during quite standing in a child with hemiparetic cerebral palsy: A case report study||2016||Dos Santos AN, et al. (2016) . Dev Neurorehabil 19(4): 226-230.|
|Respiratory muscle performance after 12 sessions of training using the apparatus Reformer of Pilates method||2019||dos Santos NT, et al. (2019) . Fisioterapia e Pesquisa 26(1): 58-64. (Portuguese)|
|Increased strength of the scapular stabilizer and lumbar muscles after twelve weeks of Pilates training using the Reformer machine: A pilot study.||2017||Dos Santos NT, Raimundo KC, da Silva SA, Souza LA, Ferreira KC, Borges Santo Urbano ZF, Gasparini AL, Bertoncello D. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2017 Jan;21(1):74-80. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.05.005. Epub 2016 Jun 1.|
|Impact of Pilates Exercise in Multiple Sclerosis: A Randomized Controlled Trial.||2018||Duff WRD; Andrushko JW; Renshaw DW; Chilibeck PD; Farthing JP; Danielson J; Evans CD, International Journal Of MS Care [Int J MS Care], ISSN: 1537-2073, 2018 Mar-Apr; Vol. 20 (2), pp. 92-100; Publisher: Clinicians Group; PMID: 29670495|
|A Multimethod Investigation into Physical Activity in Midlife Women||2016||Dugan SA, et al. (2016) . J Phys Act Health: 1-25.|
|Comparative effectiveness of Pilates and yoga group exercise interventions for chronic mechanical neck pain: quasi-randomised parallel controlled study.||2016||Dunleavy K, Kava K, Goldberg A, Malek MH, Talley SA, Tutag-Lehr V, Hildreth J. Physiotherapy. 2016 Sep;102(3):236-42. doi: 10.1016/j.physio.2015.06.002. Epub 2015 Aug 13.|
|Impact of clinical mat Pilates on body composition and functional indices in female patients with multiple sclerosis||TBA||Eftekhari E, Etemadifar M|
|Effects of active/passive interventions on pain, anxiety, and quality of life in women with fibromyalgia: Randomized controlled pilot trial.||2017||Ekici G; Unal E; Akbayrak T; Vardar-Yagli N; Yakut Y; Karabulut E, Women & Health [Women Health], ISSN: 1541-0331, 2017 Jan; Vol. 57 (1), pp. 88-107; Publisher: Routledge; PMID: 26882533|
|Application of Pilates-based exercises in the treatment of chronic non-specific low back pain: state of the art.||2019||Eliks M, Zgorzalewicz-Stachowiak M, Ze?czak-Praga K. Postgrad Med J. 2019|
|The effects of the Pilates method in the elderly: a systematic review.||2016||Engers PB, Rombaldi AJ, Portella EG, da Silva MC. Rev Bras Reumatol Engl Ed. 2016 Jul-Aug;56(4):352-65. doi: 10.1016/j.rbre.2016.05.005. Epub 2016 Jun 1. Review. English, Portuguese.|
|Pilates for breast cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis.||2017||Espíndula RC; Nadas GB; Rosa MID; Foster C; Araújo FC; Grande AJ, Revista Da Associacao Medica Brasileira (1992) [Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992)], ISSN: 1806-9282, 2017 Nov; Vol. 63 (11), pp. 1006-1012; Publisher: Associac?a?o Me?dica Brasileira; PMID: 29451666|
|Comparison of the functionality of pelvic floor muscles in women who practice the Pilates method and sedentary women: a pilot study||2016||Ferla L, et al. (2016) . Int Urogynecol J Jan;27(1):123-8.|
|Pilates training improves 5-km run performance by changing metabolic cost and muscle activity in trained runners.||2018||Finatto P, Silva ESD, Okamura AB, Almada BP, Storniolo JLL, Oliveira HB, PeyrÃ©-Tartaruga LA. PLoS One. 2018 Mar 21;13(3):e0194057. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0194057. eCollection 2018. Erratum in: PLoS One. 2018 Apr 24;13(4):e0196509.|
|The effects of pilates on mental health outcomes: A meta-analysis of controlled trials.||2018||Fleming KM; Herring MP, Complementary Therapies In Medicine [Complement Ther Med], ISSN: 1873-6963, 2018 Apr; Vol. 37, pp. 80-95; Publisher: Elsevier; PMID: 29609943|
|Effects of a mat Pilates programme on body composition in elderly women||TBA||Fourie M, Gildenhuys GM, Shaw I, Shaw BS, Toriola AL, Goon DT|
|Effects of Pilates-Based Core Stability Training in Ambulant People With Multiple Sclerosis: Multicenter, Assessor-Blinded, Randomized Controlled Trial.||2016||Fox EE; Hough AD; Creanor S; Gear M; Freeman JA, Physical Therapy [Phys Ther], ISSN: 1538-6724, 2016 Aug; Vol. 96 (8), pp. 1170-8; Publisher: Oxford University Press; PMID: 26893507|
|Air stacking: effects of Pilates mat exercises on muscle strength and on pulmonary function in patients with cystic fibrosis.||2014||Franco CB, Ribeiro AF, Morcillo AM, Zambon MP, Almeida MB, Rozov T. J Bras Pneumol. 2014 Oct;40(5):521-7. English, Portuguese.|
|Predictive factors for progression through the difficulty levels of Pilates exercises in patients with low back pain: a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial.||2018||Franco KFM; Franco YRDS; Oliveira NTB; Padula RS; Cabral CMN, Brazilian Journal Of Physical Therapy [Braz J Phys Ther], ISSN: 1809-9246, 2018 Nov - Dec; Vol. 22 (6), pp. 512-518; Publisher: Elsevier B.V; PMID: 29703585|
|Is Interferential Current Before Pilates Exercises More Effective Than Placebo in Patients With Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain?: A Randomized Controlled Trial.||2017||Franco KM; Franco YD; Oliveira NB; Miyamoto GC; Santos MO; Liebano RE; Cabral CN, Archives Of Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation [Arch Phys Med Rehabil], ISSN: 1532-821X, 2017 Feb; Vol. 98 (2), pp. 320-328; Publisher: W.B. Saunders; PMID: 27771359|
|Effect of pilates exercise for improving balance in older adults (PEDro synthesis).||2018||Franco MR; Grande GHD; Padulla SAT, British Journal Of Sports Medicine [Br J Sports Med], ISSN: 1473-0480, 2018 Feb; Vol. 52 (3), pp. 199-200; Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group; PMID: 27815239|
|Does the use of interferential current prior to Pilates exercises accelerate improvement of chronic nonspecific low back pain?||2018||Franco YR, Franco KF, Silva LA, Silva MO, Rodrigues MN, Liebano RE, Cabral CM. Pain Manag. 2018 Nov 1;8(6):465-474. doi: 10.2217/pmt-2018-0034. Epub 2018 Nov 5.|
|The Effects of Pilates Training on Balance Control and Self-Reported Health Status in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial||2016||Gabizon H, et al. (2016) . J Aging Phys Act 24(3): 376-383.|
|The Effects of Pilates Training on Balance Control and Self-Reported Health Status in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial.||2016||Gabizon H; Press Y; Volkov I; Melzer I, Journal Of Aging And Physical Activity [J Aging Phys Act], ISSN: 1543-267X, 2016 Jul; Vol. 24 (3), pp. 376-83; Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers, Inc.; PMID: 26540737|
|Effectiveness of physiotherapy in the approach to fibromyalgia. A review of the literature) [Spanish]||2013||Gamez-lruela J, Sedeno-Vidal A (Fisioterapia Volume 35, Issue 5, SeptemberOctober 2013, Pages 224-231)|
|Does Pilates exercise increase physical activity, quality of life, latency, and sleep quantity in middle-aged people?||TBA||Garcia-Soidan JL, Giraldez VA, Cachon Zagalaz J, Lara-Sanchez AJ|
|A qualitative study of the experiences and perceptions of adults with chronic musculoskeletal conditions following a 12-week Pilates exercise programme||2019||Gaskell L and Williams AE (2019) . Musculoskeletal Care 17(1): 54-62.|
|Physical activity and exercise for chronic pain in adults: an overview of Cochrane Reviews.||2017||Geneen LJ; Moore RA; Clarke C; Martin D; Colvin LA; Smith BH, The Cochrane Database Of Systematic Reviews [Cochrane Database Syst Rev], ISSN: 1469-493X, 2017 Apr 24; Vol. 4; Publisher: Wiley; Cochrane AN: CD011279; PMID: 28436583|
|Effect of a physical training program using the Pilates method on flexibility in elderly subjects||2015||Geremia JM, et al. (2015) . Age (Dordr) Dec;37(6):119.|
|The Pilates Method increases respiratory muscle strength and performance as well as abdominal muscle thickness.||2016||Giacomini MB, da Silva AM, Weber LM, Monteiro MB. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2016 Apr;20(2):258-64. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2015.11.003. Epub 2015 Nov 10.|
|Too Fit To Fracture: outcomes of a Delphi consensus process on physical activity and exercise recommendations for adults with osteoporosis with or without vertebral fractures||2015||Giangregorio LM, et al. (2015) . Osteoporos Int 26(3): 891-910.|
|Effects of physical therapy for the management of patients with ankylosing spondylitis in the biological era.||2014||Giannotti E, Trainito S, Arioli G, Rucco V, Masiero S. Clin Rheumatol. 2014 Sep;33(9):1217-30. doi: 10.1007/s10067-014-2647-6. Epub 2014 May 7. Review.|
|Evaluation of Pilates training on agility, functional mobility and cardiorespiratory fitness in elderly women||TBA||Gildenhuys GM, Fourie M, Shaw I, Shaw B, Toriola A, Witthuhn J|
|Mind-Body Interventions for Individuals With Heart Failure: A Systematic Review of Randomized Trials.||2018||Gok Metin Z; Ejem D; Dionne-Odom JN; Turkman Y; Salvador C; Pamboukian S; Bakitas M, Journal Of Cardiac Failure [J Card Fail], ISSN: 1532-8414, 2018 Mar; Vol. 24 (3), pp. 186-201; Publisher: Churchill Livingstone; PMID: 28939458|
|The effects of Pilates method on pelvic floor muscle strength in patients with post-prostatectomy urinary incontinence: A randomized clinical trial||2018||Gomes CS, et al. (2018) . Neurourol Urodyn.|
|Pilates Exercise for Hypertensive Patients: A Review of the Literature.||2016||GonzÃ¡les AI, Nery T, Fragnani SG, Pereira F, Lemos RR, Bezerra PP, Haas P. Altern Ther Health Med. 2016 Sep;22(5):38-43. Review.|
|Functional improvements after a Pilates program in adolescents with a history of back pain: A randomised controlled trial.||2019||Gonzalez-Galvez N, Marcos-Pardo PJ, Carrasco-Poyatos M. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2019 May;35:1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2019.01.006. Epub 2019 Jan 10.|
|The importance of trunk muscle strength for balance, functional performance, and fall prevention in seniors: a systematic review||2013||Granacher U, et al. (2013). Sports Med 43(7): 627-641.|
|Effects of feedback-based balance and core resistance training vs. Pilates training on cognitive functions in older women with mild cognitive impairment: a pilot randomized controlled trial.||2017||Greblo Jurakic Z; Krizanic V; Sarabon N; Markovic G, Aging Clinical And Experimental Research [Aging Clin Exp Res], ISSN: 1720-8319, 2017 Dec; Vol. 29 (6), pp. 1295-1298; Publisher: Springer; PMID: 28251569|
|Pelvic floor muscle training for secondary prevention of pelvic organ prolapse (PREVPROL): a multicentre randomised controlled trial.||2017||Hagen S, Glazener C, McClurg D, Macarthur C, Elders A, Herbison P, Wilson D, Toozs-Hobson P, Hemming C, Hay-Smith J, Collins M, Dickson S, Logan J. Lancet. 2017 Jan 28;389(10067):393-402. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)32109-2. Epub 2016 Dec 21.|
|Effects of Nordic Walking and Pilates exercise programs on blood glucose and lipid profile in overweight and obese postmenopausal women in an experimental, nonrandomized, open-label, prospective controlled trial.||2015||Hagner-Derengowska M, KaÅuÅ¼ny K, KochaÅski B, Hagner W, Borkowska A, Czamara A, BudzyÅski J. Menopause. 2015 Nov;22(11):1215-23. doi: 10.1097/GME.0000000000000446.|
|Pilates for Better Sex: Changes in Sexual Functioning in Healthy Turkish Women After Pilates Exercise||2016||Halis F, et al. (2016) . J Sex Marital Ther May 18;42(4):302-8.|
|A comparison of the effects of Pilates and McKenzie training on pain and general health in men with chronic low back pain: a randomized trial||TBA||Hasanpour-Dehkordi A, Dehghani A, Solati K|
|The effect of Pilates exercise on quality of life of elderly women with type 2 diabetes) [Persian]||2018||Hassani N, Heravi-Karimooi M, Rejeh N, Ashtiani MHD, Sharifnia H, Ghanbari M, MohammadiNejad M|
|Fall prevention in postmenopausal women: the role of Pilates exercise training.||2016||Hita-Contreras F, MartÃnez-Amat A, Cruz-DÃaz D, PÃ©rez-LÃ³pez FR. Climacteric. 2016 Jun;19(3):229-33. doi: 10.3109/13697137.2016.1139564. Epub 2016 Feb 5. Review.|
|Osteosarcopenic obesity and fall prevention strategies.||2014||Hita-Contreras F, MartÃnez-Amat A, Cruz-DÃaz D, PÃ©rez-LÃ³pez FR. Maturitas. 2015 Feb;80(2):126-32. doi: 10.1016/j.maturitas.2014.11.009. Epub 2014 Nov 25. Review.|
|Effect of Pilates Intervention on Physical Function of Children and Youth: A Systematic Review.||2019||Hornsby E, Johnston LM., Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2019 May 30. pii: S0003-9993(19)30383-1. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2019.05.023. [Epub ahead of print] Review.|
|Effects of Pilates Exercise on Salivary Secretory Immunoglobulin A Levels in Older Women.||2015||Hwang Y, et al. (2015) J Aging Phys Act Dec 14.|
|Effects of Pilates Exercise on Salivary Secretory Immunoglobulin A Levels in Older Women||2016||Hwang Y, et al. (2016) . J Aging Phys Act 24(3): 399-406.|
|The effects of Pilates mat exercise on the balance ability of elderly females.||2014||Hyun J, et al. (2014) J Phys Ther Sci 26(2): 291-293. (Non-Randomized Controlled Trial)|
|The effectiveness of Pilates on balance and falls in community dwelling older adults.||2016||Josephs S, Pratt ML, Calk Meadows E, Thurmond S, Wagner A. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2016 Oct;20(4):815-823. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.02.003. Epub 2016 Feb 10.|
|Core Training in Low Back Disorders: Role of the Pilates Method.||2017||Joyce AA, Kotler DH. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2017 May/Jun;16(3):156-161. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000365. Review.|
|Expiratory pressure change with the application of the Pilates method in adult women with hyperkyphosis) [Portuguese]||TBA||Junges S, Dias Molina R, Sartori J, Ferreira L, da Silva Filho IG|
|Pilates exercise training vs. physical therapy for improving walking and balance in people with multiple sclerosis: a randomized controlled trial.||2017||Kalron A; Rosenblum U; Frid L; Achiron A, Clinical Rehabilitation [Clin Rehabil], ISSN: 1477-0873, 2017 Mar; Vol. 31 (3), pp. 319-328; Publisher: SAGE Publications; PMID: 26951348|
|Effectiveness of Pilates exercise: A quality evaluation and summary of systematic reviews based on randomized controlled trials.||2016||Kamioka H; Tsutani K; Katsumata Y; Yoshizaki T; Okuizumi H; Okada S; Park SJ; Kitayuguchi J; Abe T; Mutoh Y, Complementary Therapies In Medicine [Complement Ther Med], ISSN: 1873-6963, 2016 Apr; Vol. 25, pp. 1-19; Publisher: Elsevier; PMID: 27062942|
|Effects of a 12-week Pilates course on lower limb muscle strength and trunk flexibility in women living in the community.||2015||Kao YH, Liou TH, Huang YC, Tsai YW, Wang KM. Health Care Women Int. 2015;36(3):303-19. doi: 10.1080/07399332.2014.900062. Epub 2014 Apr 22.|
|Do Pilates-based exercises following total knee arthroplasty improve postural control and quality of life?||2017||Karaman A, Yuksel I, Kinikli GI, Caglar O. Physiother Theory Pract. 2017 Apr;33(4):289-295. doi: 10.1080/09593985.2017.1289578. Epub 2017 Mar 1.|
|Effect of Pilates training with vitamin E supplementation on some metabolic syndrome markers in overweight female adolescents) [Persian]||2018||Karimi F, Moradi M, Baghaiee B|
|Can Unconventional Exercise be Helpful in the Treatment, Management and Prevention of Osteosarcopenic Obesity?||2017||Kelly OJ, Gilman JC. Curr Aging Sci. 2017|
|Effect of exercise on stress urinary incontinence in women: a review study) [Persian]||2018||Khodarahmi S, Kariman N, Ebadi A, Ozgoli G|
|Can a pilates exercise program be effective on balance, flexibility and muscle endurance? A randomized controlled trial.||2016||Kibar S; Yardimci FÖ; Evcik D; Ay S; Alhan A; Manço M; Ergin ES, The Journal Of Sports Medicine And Physical Fitness [J Sports Med Phys Fitness], ISSN: 1827-1928, 2016 Oct; Vol. 56 (10), pp. 1139-1146; Publisher: Edizioni Minerva Medica; PMID: 26473443|
|Effects of Schroth and Pilates exercises on the Cobb angle and weight distribution of patients with scoliosis||TBA||Kim G, Hwangbo P-N|
|The effects of Pilates breathing trainings on trunk muscle activation in healthy female subjects: a prospective study||2017||Kim ST & Lee JH. (2017) . J Phys Ther Sci 29(2), 194-197.|
|Effects of Structured Exercise Training in Children and Adolescents With Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis.||2019||Klepper S, Mano Khong TT, Klotz R, Gregorek AO, Chan YC, Sawade S. Pediatr Phys Ther. 2019 Jan;31(1):3-21. doi: 10.1097/PEP.0000000000000555. Review. Erratum in: Pediatr Phys Ther. 2019 Apr;31(2):232.|
|Effects of a 16-week Pilates exercises training program for isometric trunk extension and flexion strength||2017||Kliziene I, et al (2017) . J Bodyw Mov Ther 21(1), 124-132.|
|Effects of Pilates and trunk strengthening exercises on health-related quality of life in women with chronic low back pain.||2016||Kofotolis N, Kellis E, Vlachopoulos SP, Gouitas I, Theodorakis Y. J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 2016 Nov 21;29(4):649-659.|
|Effects of Pilates and aqua fitness training on older adults' physical functioning and quality of life||TBA||Kovach MV, Plachy JK, Bognar J, Balogh ZO, Barthalos I|
|Impact of the clinical Pilates exercises and verbal education on exercise beliefs and psychosocial factors in healthy women||2015||Küçük F & Livanelioglu A. (2015). J Phys Ther Sci Nov;27(11):3437-43. (Non-randomized controlled trial)|
|Improvements in cognition, quality of life, and physical performance with clinical Pilates in multiple sclerosis: a randomized controlled trial.||2016||Küçük F; Kara B; Poyraz EÇ; ?diman E, Journal Of Physical Therapy Science [J Phys Ther Sci], ISSN: 0915-5287, 2016 Mar; Vol. 28 (3), pp. 761-8; Publisher: Society of Physical Therapy Science; PMID: 27134355|
|Effects of Pilates exercises on pain, functional status and quality of life in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis||2013||Kucukcakir N, Altan L, Korkmaz N|
|Exercise Therapy in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.||2018||Kuntze G; Nesbitt C; Whittaker JL; Nettel-Aguirre A; Toomey C; Esau S; Doyle-Baker PK; Shank J; Brooks J; Benseler S; Emery CA, Archives Of Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation [Arch Phys Med Rehabil], ISSN: 1532-821X, 2018 Jan; Vol. 99 (1), pp. 178-193.e1; Publisher: W.B. Saunders; PMID: 28729171|
|Modified Pilates as an adjunct to standard physiotherapy care for urinary incontinence: a mixed methods pilot for a randomised controlled trial.||2018||Lausen A, Marsland L, Head S, Jackson J, Lausen B. BMC Womens Health. 2018 Jan 12;18(1):16. doi: 10.1186/s12905-017-0503-y.|
|Influence of Pilates mat and apparatus exercises on pain and balance of businesswomen with chronic low back pain||TBA||Lee C-W, Hyun J, Kim SG|
|Effects of 8-week Pilates exercise program on menopausal symptoms and lumbar strength and flexibility in postmenopausal women||TBA||Lee H, Caguicla JMC, Park S, Kwak DJ, Won D-Y, Park Y, Kim J, Kim M|
|Effect of mat pilates exercise on postural alignment and body composition of middle-aged women||2016||Lee HT, et al. (2016) . J Phys Ther Sci 28(6), 1691-1695.|
|Clinical effectiveness of a Pilates treatment for forward head posture||TBA||Lee S-M, Lee C-H, O'Sullivan D, Jung J-H, Park J-J|
|Effect of Pilates on sleep quality and quality of life of sedentary population||2013||Leopoldino AAO, et al. (2013) J Bodywork Move Ther 17, 5e10.|
|Effects of yoga on patients with chronic nonspecific neck pain: A PRISMA systematic review and meta-analysis.||2019||Li Y; Li S; Jiang J; Yuan S, Medicine [Medicine (Baltimore)], ISSN: 1536-5964, 2019 Feb; Vol. 98 (8), pp. e14649; Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; PMID: 30813206|
|The effects of Pilates exercise training on static and dynamic balance in chronic stroke patients: a randomized controlled trial.||2016||Lim HS; Kim YL; Lee SM, Journal Of Physical Therapy Science [J Phys Ther Sci], ISSN: 0915-5287, 2016 Jun; Vol. 28 (6), pp. 1819-24; Publisher: Society of Physical Therapy Science; PMID: 27390424|
|The effects of Pilates exercise on cardiopulmonary function in the chronic stroke patients: a randomized controlled trials.||2017||Lim HS; Yoon S, Journal Of Physical Therapy Science [J Phys Ther Sci], ISSN: 0915-5287, 2017 May; Vol. 29 (5), pp. 959-963; Publisher: Society of Physical Therapy Science; PMID: 28603381|
|Effects of pilates on patients with chronic non-specific low back pain: a systematic review.||2016||Lin HT; Hung WC; Hung JL; Wu PS; Liaw LJ; Chang JH, Journal Of Physical Therapy Science [J Phys Ther Sci], ISSN: 0915-5287, 2016 Oct; Vol. 28 (10), pp. 2961-2969; Publisher: Society of Physical Therapy Science; PMID: 27821970|
|Influence of a Pilates exercise program on the quality of life of sedentary elderly people: a randomized clinical trial||TBA||Liposcki DB, Ferreirada Silva Nagata I, Silvano GA, Zanella K, Schneider RH|
|Immediate effects of Pilates based therapeutic exercise on postural control of young individuals with non-specific low back pain: A randomized controlled trial.||2017||Lopes S; Correia C; Félix G; Lopes M; Cruz A; Ribeiro F, Complementary Therapies In Medicine [Complement Ther Med], ISSN: 1873-6963, 2017 Oct; Vol. 34, pp. 104-110; Publisher: Elsevier; PMID: 28917361|
|Effectiveness of the Pilates method for individuals with nonspecific low back pain: clinical and electromyographic aspects||2017||Machado PM, et al. (2017) . Motriz: Revista de Educacao Fisica Vol 23, Iss 4 (2018)(4).|
|Effects of Pilates Exercises on Flexibility and Volleyball Serve Skill in Female College Students.||2014||Manshouri M, et al. (2014) Sport Scientific & Practical Aspects 11(2): 19-25. (Randomized Controlled Trial)|
|A comparison of 12 weeks of Pilates and aquatic training on the dynamic balance of women with mulitple sclerosis||TBA||Marandi SM, Nejad VS, Shanazari Z, Zolaktaf V|
|A comparison between Pilates exercise and aquatic training effects on mascular strength in women with mulitple sclorosis||TBA||Marandi S-M, Shahnazari Z, Minacian V, Zahed A|
|Effects of a mat Pilates program on cardiometabolic parameters in elderly women||TBA||Marinda F, Magda G, Ina S, Brandon S, Abel T, ter Goon D|
|Effects of feedback-based balance and core resistance training vs. Pilates training on balance and muscle function in older women: a randomized-controlled trial.||2015||Markovic G; Sarabon N; Greblo Z; Krizanic V, Archives Of Gerontology And Geriatrics [Arch Gerontol Geriatr], ISSN: 1872-6976, 2015 Sep-Oct; Vol. 61 (2), pp. 117-23; Publisher: Elsevier Biomedical Press; PMID: 26036209|
|EMG activity of trunk stabilizer muscles during Centering Principle of Pilates Method||2013||Marques NR, et al. (2013) . J Bodywork Move Ther 17(2): 185-191.|
|Pilates exercise or stationary cycling for chronic non-specific low back pain: does it matter? A randomized controlled trial with 6-month follow-up [with consumer summary]||2013||Marshall PWM, Kennedy S, Brooks C, Lonsdale C (Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 Jul 1;38(15):E952-9. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e318297c1e5.)|
|Improving muscular endurance with the MVe Fitness Chair in breast cancer survivors: a feasibility and efficacy study [with consumer summary]||TBA||Martin E, Battaglini C, Groff D, Naumann F|
|The Pilates Method in Physical Education. School Health Intervention Programme: Quality of Life, Physical Fitness and Postural Attitude of Secondary School Students in Cantabria||2018||Martínez RB. (2018) T. / El mètode Pilates a l'educació física. Efectes d'un programa d'intervenció en la salut escolar: qualitat de vida, estat físic i actitud postural d'estudiants d'ESO a Cantàbria. Apunts: Educació Física i Esports (131), 108-108.|
|Pilates-based physiotherapy for ankylosing spondylitis patients) [Spanish]||2017||Martinez-Pubil JA, Acebal Gonzalez A, Vega Alvarez JA|
|Pilates physiotherapy for ankylosing spondylitis patients: impact on lung function) [Spanish]||2017||Martinez-Pubil JA, Acebal-Gonzalez A, Fernandez Alvarez R, Vega-Alvarez JA|
|Mat Pilates training reduced clinical and ambulatory blood pressure in hypertensive women using antihypertensive medications.||2015||Martins-Meneses DT, et al. (2015) Int J Cardiol Jan 20;179:262-8. (Non-randomized, controlled trial)|
|Effect of Eight Weeks of Pilates training on Orexin and Insulin Resistance Levels in Overweight Children||2018||Maryam Bagheri N, and Bahram A. (2018) . Yafteh, Vol 20, Iss 1, Pp 112-122 (2018)(1), 112. (Persian)|
|Effects of different physical exercise programs on blood pressure and anthropometric indicators of the elderly) [Portuguese]||TBA||Mazini Filho ML, Macedo Vianna J, de Oliveira Venturini GR, de Matos DG, Caputo Ferreira ME|
|Evaluation of different physical exercise programs in muscular strength and functional autonomy of elderly women) [Portuguese]||TBA||Mazini Filho ML, Macedo Vianna J, de Oliveira Venturini GR, de Matos DG, Caputo Ferreira ME|
|The comparison of the effectiveness of conventional therapeutic exercises and Pilates on pain and function in patients with knee osteoarthritis.||2018||Mazloum V, Rabiei P, Rahnama N, Sabzehparvar E. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2018 May;31:343-348. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2017.10.008. Epub 2017 Oct 22.|
|The effects of selective Pilates versus extension-based exercises on rehabilitation of low back pain.||2018||Mazloum V, Sahebozamani M, Barati A, Nakhaee N, Rabiei P. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2018 Oct;22(4):999-1003. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.09.012. Epub 2017 Sep 20.|
|Pilates Method for Women's Health: Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials.||2015||Mazzarino M; Kerr D; Wajswelner H; Morris ME, Archives Of Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation [Arch Phys Med Rehabil], ISSN: 1532-821X, 2015 Dec; Vol. 96 (12), pp. 2231-42; Publisher: W.B. Saunders; PMID: 25912668|
|The Pilates client on the hypermobility spectrum||2018||McNeill W, et al. (2018) . J Bodywork Move Ther 22(1), 209-216.|
|Effects of Pilates exercises on health-related quality of life in individuals with juvenile idiopathic arthritis||2013||Mendonca TMS, Terreri MTRA, Silva CHM, Neto MB, Pinto RMC, Natour J, Len CA (Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2013 Nov;94(11):2093-102. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2013.05.026. Epub 2013 Jun 24)|
|Effects of two exercise protocols on postural balance of elderly women: a randomized controlled trial.||2015||Mesquita LS; de Carvalho FT; Freire LS; Neto OP; Zângaro RA, BMC Geriatrics [BMC Geriatr], ISSN: 1471-2318, 2015 Jun 02; Vol. 15, pp. 61; Publisher: BioMed Central; PMID: 26033080|
|Exercise for ankylosing spondylitis: An evidence-based consensus statement.||2016||Millner JR, Barron JS, Beinke KM, Butterworth RH, Chasle BE, Dutton LJ, Lewington MA, Lim EG, Morley TB, O'Reilly JE, Pickering KA, Winzenberg T, Zochling J. Semin Arthritis Rheum. 2016 Feb;45(4):411-27. doi: 10.1016/j.semarthrit.2015.08.003. Epub 2015 Aug 18. Review.|
|Pilates in noncommunicable diseases: A systematic review of its effects.||2018||Miranda S, Marques A. Complement Ther Med. 2018 Aug;39:114-130. doi: 10.1016/j.ctim.2018.05.018. Epub 2018 Jun 8. Review.|
|Efficacy of the Pilates method for pain and disability in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain: a systematic review with meta-analysis||2013||Miyamoto GC, Costa LOP, Cabral CMN|
|Efficacy of the addition of modified Pilates exercises to a minimal intervention in patients with chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled trial||2013||Miyamoto GC, Costa LOP, Galvanin T, Cabral CMN (Phys Ther. 2013 Mar;93(3):310-20. doi: 10.2522/ptj.20120190. Epub 2012 Oct 11.)|
|Different doses of Pilates-based exercise therapy for chronic low back pain: a randomised controlled trial with economic evaluation.||2018||Miyamoto GC, Franco KFM, van Dongen JM, Franco YRDS, de Oliveira NTB, Amaral DDV, Branco ANC, da Silva ML, van Tulder MW, Cabral CMN. Br J Sports Med. 2018 Jul;52(13):859-868. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2017-098825. Epub 2018 Mar 10.|
|Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness of Different Weekly Frequencies of Pilates for Chronic Low Back Pain: Randomized Controlled Trial.||2016||Miyamoto GC; Moura KF; Franco YR; Oliveira NT; Amaral DD; Branco AN; Silva ML; Lin C; Cabral CM, Physical Therapy [Phys Ther], ISSN: 1538-6724, 2016 Mar; Vol. 96 (3), pp. 382-9; Publisher: Oxford University Press; PMID: 26294680|
|Principles of the Pilates method and its effect on low back pain, pelvic floor function and posture: a systematic review of the literature) [Hebrew]||TBA||Mizrachi N, Kafri R|
|Effect of a Mat Pilates Program with TheraBand on Dynamic Balance in Patients with Parkinson's Disease: Feasibility Study and Randomized Controlled Trial.||2018||Mollinedo-Cardalda I; Cancela-Carral JM; Vila-Suárez MH, Rejuvenation Research [Rejuvenation Res], ISSN: 1557-8577, 2018 Oct; Vol. 21 (5), pp. 423-430; Publisher: Mary Ann Liebert Inc.; PMID: 29207899|
|Active eccentric stretch against passive analytical hamstring stretch in subacute or chronic non-specific low back pain, a pilot trial) [Spanish]||2013||Montero-Camara J, Sierra-Silvestre E, Monteagudo-Saiz AM, Lopez-Fernandez J, Lopez-Lopez Al, Barco-Perez ME (Fisioterapia
Volume 35, Issue 5, SeptemberOctober 2013, Pages 206-213)
|Pilates Improvement the Individual Basics of Service and Smash in Volleyball||2018||Montesano P & Mazzeo F. (2018) . Sport Mont 16(3), 25-30.|
|Functional Role of Internal and External Visual Imagery: Preliminary Evidences from Pilates||2018||Montuori S, et al. (2018) . Neural Plasticity (26) 327-344.|
|Comparison of deep and superficial abdominal muscle activity between experienced Pilates and resistance exercise instructors and controls during stabilization exercise||2015||Moon JH, Hong SM, Kim CW, Shin YA. (2015) . J Exerc Rehabil Jun 30;11(3):161-8. (Retrospective Case-Control Study)|
|The Effects of the Pilates Training Method on Balance and Falls of Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized ControlledTrials.||2018||Moreno-Segura N; Igual-Camacho C; Ballester-Gil Y; Blasco-Igual MC; Blasco JM, Journal Of Aging And Physical Activity [J Aging Phys Act], ISSN: 1543-267X, 2018 Apr 01; Vol. 26 (2), pp. 327-344; Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers, Inc.; PMID: 28771109|
|Pilates versus general exercise effectiveness on pain and functionality in non-specific chronic low back pain subjects.||2015||Mostagi FQ, Dias JM, Pereira LM, Obara K, Mazuquin BF, Silva MF, Silva MA, de Campos RR, Barreto MS, Nogueira JF, Lima TB, Carregaro RL, Cardoso JR. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2015 Oct;19(4):636-45. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2014.11.009. Epub 2014 Nov 18.|
|Pilates improves pain, function and quality of life in patients with chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled trial.||2015||Natour J; Cazotti Lde A; Ribeiro LH; Baptista AS; Jones A, Clinical Rehabilitation [Clin Rehabil], ISSN: 1477-0873, 2015 Jan; Vol. 29 (1), pp. 59-68; Publisher: SAGE Publications; PMID: 24965957|
|The effect of Pilates training on memory quotient (MQ) in multiple sclerosis patients) [Persian]||2015||Nezakatolhosseini M, Esfarjani F, Dinani ZM|
|Pilates Method for Lung Function and Functional Capacity in Obese Adults.||2015||Niehues JR, GonzÃ¡les I, Lemos RR, Haas P. (2015) Altern Ther Health Med Sep-Oct;21(5):73-80. (Literature Review)|
|Daily Pilates exercise or inactivity for patients with low back pain: a clinical prospective observational study||2014||Notarnicola A, et al. (2014) . Eur J Phys Rehabil Med 50(1): 59-66.|
|Effect of individualized physical rehabilitation programs on respiratory function in women with post-mastectomy syndrome.||2019||Odinets T; Briskin Y; Pityn M, Physiotherapy Theory And Practice [Physiother Theory Pract], ISSN: 1532-5040, 2019 May; Vol. 35 (5), pp. 419-426; Publisher: Informa Healthcare; PMID: 29482414|
|Effect of individualised physical rehabilitation programmes on the functional state of the cardiovascular system in women with post-mastectomy syndrome||2019||Odynets T, Briskin Y|
|Effect of water physical therapy on quality of life in breast cancer survivors||c2018||Odynets T, Briskin Y, Perederiy A, Pityn M, Svistelnyk I|
|Effectiveness of individualised intervention on pulmonary function in women with post-mastectomy syndrome||2018||Odynets T, Briskin Y, Putrov S ( Physiotherapy Practice and Research, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 147-154, 2018)|
|The effect of the clinical pilates exercises on kinesiophobia and other symptoms related to osteoporosis: Randomised controlled trial.||2017||Oksuz S, Unal E. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2017 Feb;26:68-72. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2016.12.001. Epub 2016 Dec 8.|
|Effects of the Pilates method on variables related to functionality of a patient with traumatic spondylolisthesis at L4-L5: A case study.||2016||Oliveira LC, et al. (2016) J Bodyw Mov Ther 2016 Jan;20(1):123-31|
|Comparison between static stretching and the Pilates method on the flexibility of older women.||2016||Oliveira LC, Oliveira RG, Pires-Oliveira DA. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2016 Oct;20(4):800-806. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.01.008. Epub 2016 Feb 3.|
|Effects of the Pilates exercise compared to whole body vibration and no treatment controls on muscular strength and quality of life in postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled trial||2018||Oliveira LC, Oliveira RG, Pires-Oliveira DAA ( Isokinetics and Exercise Science, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 149-161, 2018)|
|Pilates increases the isokinetic muscular strength of the knee extensors and flexors in elderly women||2017||Oliveira LC, Oliveira RG, Pires-Oliveira DADA (J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2017 Oct;21(4):815-822. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.01.006. Epub 2017 Jan 8.)|
|Pilates increases isokinetic muscular strength of the elbow flexor and extensor muscles of older women: A randomized controlled clinical trial.||2017||Oliveira LC; Pires-Oliveira DA; Abucarub AC; Oliveira LS; Oliveira RG, Journal Of Bodywork And Movement Therapies [J Bodyw Mov Ther], ISSN: 1532-9283, 2017 Jan; Vol. 21 (1), pp. 2-10; Publisher: Churchill Livingstone; PMID: 28167180|
|Muscle activation during Pilates exercises in participants with chronic non-specific low back pain - a cross-sectional case control study||2017||Oliveira NT, et al. (2017) . Arch Phys Med Rehabil 98(1): 88-95.|
|Comparing the effectiveness of Pilates and resistance training exercises and their combination (Pilates and resistance) on quality of life, muscular strength and fatigue in women with multiple sclerosis) [Persian]||TBA||Pahlevanzade M, Rahmani Nia F, Shabani R, Shabani A|
|Comparative study of Pilates exercise verses Yogasana in the treatment of fibromyalgia syndrome: a pilot study||TBA||Palekar TJ, Basu S|
|Effect of exercise on breast cancer-related lymphedema: what the lymphatic surgeon needs to know||2019||Panchik D, Masco S, Zinnikas P, Hillriegel B, Lauder T, Suttmann E, Chinchilli V, McBeth M, Hermann W|
|Neuromuscular efficiency of the multifidus muscle in pilates practitioners and non-practitioners.||2018||Panhan AC, et al. (2018) Complement Ther Med (40):61-63.|
|Chronic low back pain and postural rehabilitation exercise: a literature review.||2018||Paolucci T, Attanasi C, Cecchini W, Marazzi A, Capobianco SV, Santilli V. J Pain Res. 2018 Dec 20;12:95-107. doi: 10.2147/JPR.S171729. eCollection 2019. Review.|
|The effect of Pilates-based exercise on mobility, postural stability, and balance in order to decrease fall risk in older adults||2014||Pata RW, et al. (2014) . J Bodywork Move Ther 18(3): 361-367.|
|Pain Perception and Stabilometric Parameters in People With Chronic Low Back Pain After a Pilates Exercise Program: A Randomized Controlled Trial.||TBA||Patti A; Bianco A; Paoli A; Messina G; Montalto MA; Bellafiore M; Battaglia G; Iovane A; Palma A, Medicine [Medicine (Baltimore)], ISSN: 1536-5964, 2016 Jan; Vol. 95 (2), pp. e2414; Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; PMID: 26765419|
|Effects of Pilates exercise programs in people with chronic low back pain: a systematic review||2015||Patti AB, A, Paoli A, Messina G, Montalto MA, Bellafiore M, Battaglia G, Iovane A, Palma A|
|Immediate effects of core stabilization exercise on beta-endorphin and cortisol levels among patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain: a randomized crossover design [with consumer summary]||TBA||Paungmali A, Joseph LH, Punturee K, Sitilertpisan P, Pirunsan U, Uthaikhup S|
|Effectiveness of Exercise Programs in Ankylosing Spondylitis: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.||2018||Pécourneau V; Degboé Y; Barnetche T; Cantagrel A; Constantin A; Ruyssen-Witrand A, Archives Of Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation [Arch Phys Med Rehabil], ISSN: 1532-821X, 2018 Feb; Vol. 99 (2), pp. 383-389.e1; Publisher: W.B. Saunders; PMID: 28860095|
|Is pilates as effective as conventional pelvic floor muscle exercises in the conservative treatment of post-prostatectomy urinary incontinence? A randomised controlled trial.||2015||Pedriali FR, Gomes CS, Soares L, Urbano MR, Moreira EC, Averbeck MA, de Almeida SH. Neurourol Urodyn. 2016 Jun;35(5):615-21. doi: 10.1002/nau.22761. Epub 2015 Mar 21.|
|Trunk Muscle EMG During Intermediate Pilates Mat Exercises in Beginner Healthy and Chronic Low Back Pain Individuals||2017||Pereira ILR, et al. (2017) . J Manipulative Physiol Ther 40(5): 350-357.|
|Pilates versus resistance exercise on the serum levels of hs-CRP, in the abdominal circumference and body mass index (BMI) in elderly individuals||TBA||Pestana MDS, Netto EM, Pestana MCS, Pestana VS, Schinoni MI|
|Effectiveness of conventional physical therapy and Pilates' method in functionality, respiratory muscle strength and ability to exercise in hospitalized chronic renal patients: A study protocol of a randomized controlled trial.||2015||Pinto JS; Sarmento LA; Pereira da Silva AP; Cabral CM; Chiavegato LD, Journal Of Bodywork And Movement Therapies [J Bodyw Mov Ther], ISSN: 1532-9283, 2015 Oct; Vol. 19 (4), pp. 604-15; Publisher: Churchill Livingstone; PMID: 26592217|
|Pilates for women with breast cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis.||2018||Pinto-Carral A; Molina AJ; de Pedro Á; Ayán C, Complementary Therapies In Medicine [Complement Ther Med], ISSN: 1873-6963, 2018 Dec; Vol. 41, pp. 130-140; Publisher: Elsevier; PMID: 30477829|
|Effectiveness of group body psychotherapy for negative symptoms of schizophrenia: multicentre randomised controlled trial||2016||Priebe S, Savill M, Wykes T, Bentall RP, Reininghaus U, Lauber C, Bremner S, Eldridge S, Rohricht F (Br J Psychiatry. 2016 Jul;209(1):54-61. doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.115.171397. Epub 2016 May 5.)|
|Effects of Pilates exercise on general health of hemodialysis patients.||2017||Rahimimoghadam Z, Rahemi Z, Mirbagher Ajorpaz N, Sadat Z. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2017 Jan;21(1):86-92. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.05.012. Epub 2016 Jun 3.|
|Pilates exercises and quality of life of patients with chronic kidney disease.||2019||Rahimimoghadam Z; Rahemi Z; Sadat Z; Mirbagher Ajorpaz N, Complementary Therapies In Clinical Practice [Complement Ther Clin Pract], ISSN: 1873-6947, 2019 Feb; Vol. 34, pp. 35-40; Publisher: Elsevier; PMID: 30712743|
|The effect of 12 weeks combined (strength, endurance, Pilates, PNF) exercise training on Fibrin D-dimer (FDD) and interleukin-6 levels in female multiple sclerosis patients with different levels of disability) [Persian]||2018||Raisi Z, Faramarzi M, Banitalebi E, Samieyan M (Volume 26, Issue 116 (7-2018) J Adv Med Biomed Res 2018, 26(116): 35-47)|
|To analyse the effectiveness of yoga, Pilates and Tai Chi exercise for chronic mechanical neck pain -- a randomized controlled trial||TBA||Rajalaxmi V, Jasim A, Sudhakar S, Mohan Kumar G|
|The effect of Pilates exercises on the severity and duration of dysmenorrhea and duration of bleeding in young girls) [Persian]||2018||Ramezanpour MR, Kargozar M|
|Scrutiny effects of eight-weeks Pilates exercise on women's postmenopausal depressive symptoms) [Persian]||2013||Rashidi Z, Daneshfar A, Shojaei M, Bagherian-Sararoudi R, Rouzbahani R, Marandi SM, Rashidi A (Journal of Isfahan Medical School 2013 Jun;31(231):408-415)|
|The effects of Pilates vs. aerobic training on cardiorespiratory fitness, isokinetic muscular strength, body composition, and functional tasks outcomes for individuals who are overweight/obese: a clinical trial||2019||Rayes ABR, et al. (2019) . PeerJ 7: e6022.|
|Rationale and design of the tele-exercise and multiple sclerosis (TEAMS) study: A comparative effectiveness trial between a clinic- and home-based telerehabilitation intervention for adults with multiple sclerosis (MS) living in the deep south.||2018||Rimmer JH; Thirumalai M; Young HJ; Pekmezi D; Tracy T; Riser E; Mehta T, Contemporary Clinical Trials [Contemp Clin Trials], ISSN: 1559-2030, 2018 Aug; Vol. 71, pp. 186-193; Publisher: Elsevier; PMID: 29859267|
|Effects of exercise on pain of musculoskeletal disorders: a systematic review||2014||Rodrigues EV, Gomes ARS, Tanhoffer AIP, Leite N|
|Effectiveness of a physical activity programme based on the Pilates method in pregnancy and labour.||2017||Rodriguez-Diaz L, Ruiz-Frutos C, Vazquez-Lara JM, Ramirez-Rodrigo J, Villaverde-Gutierrez C, Torres-Luque G. Enferm Clin. 2017 Sep - Oct;27(5):271-277. doi: 10.1016/j.enfcli.2017.05.008. Epub 2017 Jul 6. English, Spanish.|
|One Year of Pilates Training for Ankylosing Spondylitis: A Pilot Study.||2019||Rodriguez-Lopez ES, et al. (2019) J Altern Complement Med.|
|Effects of 8 weeks of mat-based Pilates exercise on gait in chronic stroke patients||TBA||Roh S, Gil HJ, Yoon S|
|Effects of modified Pilates on variability of inter-joint coordination during walking in the elderly||TBA||Roh S, Yoon S, Kim JN, Lim HS|
|The effect of 12-week Pilates exercises on wellness in the elderly||2016||Roh SY. (2016a) . J Exerc Rehabil 12(2), 119-123.|
|An exploration of implications for the development of Pilates instructor system through identification of instructors' difficulties||2016||Roh SY. (2016b) . J Exerc Rehabil 12(4), 355-362.|
|Pilates Reformer exercises for fall risk reduction in older adults: A randomized controlled trial.||2018||Roller M; Kachingwe A; Beling J; Ickes DM; Cabot A; Shrier G, Journal Of Bodywork And Movement Therapies [J Bodyw Mov Ther], ISSN: 1532-9283, 2018 Oct; Vol. 22 (4), pp. 983-998; Publisher: Churchill Livingstone; PMID: 30368346|
|Effects of Pilates, McKenzie and Heckscher training on disease activity, spinal motility and pulmonary function in patients with ankylosing spondylitis: a randomized controlled trial||TBA||Rosu MO, Topa I, Chirieac R, Ancuta C|
|Alternative Exercise Traditions in Cancer Rehabilitation.||2017||Ruddy KJ, Stan DL, Bhagra A, Jurisson M, Cheville AL. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2017|
|Effects of Pilates and aerobic exercise on symptoms of premenstrual syndrome in non-athlete girls) [Persian]||2013||Samadi Z, Taghian F, Valiani M|
|Pilates for people with multiple sclerosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis.||2019||Sánchez-Lastra MA; Martínez-Aldao D; Molina AJ; Ayán C, Multiple Sclerosis And Related Disorders [Mult Scler Relat Disord], ISSN: 2211-0356, 2019 Feb; Vol. 28, pp. 199-212; Publisher: Elsevier B. V; PMID: 30623859|
|Effect of conventional physical therapy and Pilates in functionality, respiratory muscle strength and ability to exercise in hospitalized chronic renal patients: a randomized controlled trial.||2017||Sarmento LA; Pinto JS; da Silva AP; Cabral CM; Chiavegato LD, Clinical Rehabilitation [Clin Rehabil], ISSN: 1477-0873, 2017 Apr; Vol. 31 (4), pp. 508-520; Publisher: SAGE Publications; PMID: 27178843|
|The effect of Pilates exercise on body composition in sedentary overweight and obese women||2016||Savkin R, Aslan UB|
|The impact of Pilates exercises on motor control of inactive middle-aged women||2018||Seghatoleslami A, et al. (2018). Sleep and Hypnosis 20(4), 262-266.|
|Effects of clinical Pilates exercises on patients developing lymphedema after breast cancer treatment: a randomized clinical trial||TBA||Sener HO, Malkoc M, Ergin G, Karadibak D, Yavuzsen T|
|The effect of Pilates-based exercises on pain, functioning and lumbar lordosis in women with non-specific chronic low back pain and hyperlordosis) [Persian]||2014||Shahrjerdi S, Golpayegani M, Daghaghzadeh A, Karami A (Volume 22, Issue 94 (7-2014) J Adv Med Biomed Res 2014, 22(94): 120-131)|
|Effect of 12-week Pilates and aquatic training on fatigue in women with multiple sclerosis) [Persian]||2013||Shanazari Z, Marandi SM, Minasian V (Volume 23, Issue 98 (3-2013) J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2013, 23(98): 257-264)|
|Efficacy of Pilates based mat exercise on quality of life, quality of sleep, and satisfaction with life in type 2 diabetes mellitus||2018||Sharma D, et al. (2018) . Romanian Journal of Diabetes Nutrition & Metabolic Diseases 25(2), 149-156.|
|Electromyographic activity of rectus abdominis muscles during dynamic Pilates abdominal exercises||2015||Silva GB, et al. (2015) . J Bodyw Mov Ther Oct;19(4):629-35.|
|Mat Pilates and aquatic aerobic exercises for women with fibromyalgia: a protocol for a randomised controlled blind study||2019||Silva HJA, et al. (2019) . BMJ Open 9(2): e022306.|
|A Comparative Study of the Effects of Pilates and Latin Dance on Static and Dynamic Balance in Older Adults.||2017||Sofianidis G, Dimitriou AM, Hatzitaki V. J Aging Phys Act. 2017 Jul;25(3):412-419. doi: 10.1123/japa.2016-0164. Epub 2017 Jun 28.|
|The effect of a Pilates program on chronic non-specific lower back pain and stable range of motion in 40 to 60 year old women) [Persian]||2017||Sokhanguei Y, Sadoughi Noorabadi M, Sadoughi Noorabadi N, Hatami M (Volume 25, Issue 108 (3-2017) J Adv Med Biomed Res 2017, 25(108): 20-30)|
|Effects of Pilates exercises on sensory interaction, postural control and fatigue in patients with multiple sclerosis.||2016||Soysal Tomruk M, Uz MZ, Kara B, Ä°diman E. Mult Scler Relat Disord. 2016 May;7:70-3. doi: 10.1016/j.msard.2016.03.008. Epub 2016 Mar 22.|
|Equipment-based Pilates reduces work-related chronic low back pain and disability: A pilot study||2016||Stieglitz DD, et al. (2016) . J Bodyw Mov Ther Jan;20(1):74-82.|
|The Effects of a Pilates-Based Exercise Rehabilitation Program on Functional Outcome and Fall Risk Reduction in an Aging Adult Status-Post Traumatic Hip Fracture due to Fall||2013||Stivala A, & Hartley G. (2013) . J Geriatr Phys Ther Nov 25.|
|Pilates and Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Methods Induce Similar Strength Gains but Different Neuromuscular Adaptations in Elderly Women.||2017||Teixeira de Carvalho F, de Andrade Mesquita LS, Pereira R, Neto OP, Amaro Zangaro R. Exp Aging Res. 2017 Oct-Dec;43(5):440-452. doi: 10.1080/0361073X.2017.1369624. Epub 2017 Sep 26.|
|The Pilates method and cardiorespiratory adaptation to training||2016||Tinoco-Fernandez M, et al. (2016) . Res Sports Med 24(3), 281-286.|
|Physical and psychological benefits of once-a-week Pilates exercises in young sedentary women: A 10-week longitudinal study||2016||Tolnai N, et al. (2016) . Physiol Behav 163, 211-218.|
|Effectiveness of adding voluntary pelvic floor muscle contraction to a Pilates exercise program: an assessor-masked randomized controlled trial.||2016||Torelli L; de Jarmy Di Bella ZI; Rodrigues CA; Stüpp L; Girão MJ; Sartori MG, International Urogynecology Journal [Int Urogynecol J], ISSN: 1433-3023, 2016 Nov; Vol. 27 (11), pp. 1743-1752; Publisher: Springer; PMID: 27250831|
|Effect of pilates method on inspiratory and expiratory muscle strength in the elderly||2018||Tozim BM & Navega MT. (2018) . / Efeito do mÃ©todo pilates na forÃ§a dos mÃºsculos inspiratÃ³rios e expiratÃ³rios em idosos. Brazilian Journal of Kineanthropometry & Human Performance 20(1), 1-9.|
|Effect of Pilates Method on 6-10 Year Old Dancesport Dancers Physiological Responses||2018||Tumonyt? G, et al. (2018) ". Baltic Journal of Sport & Health Sciences 109(2): 41-49.|
|Effects of Pilates and yoga in patients with chronic neck pain: A sonographic study.||2018||UluÄ N, YÄ±lmaz ÃT, Kara M, ÃzÃ§akar L. J Rehabil Med. 2018 Jan 10;50(1):80-85. doi: 10.2340/16501977-2288.|
|Results of a Pilates exercise program in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain: a randomized controlled trial.||2017||Valenza MC; Rodríguez-Torres J; Cabrera-Martos I; Díaz-Pelegrina A; Aguilar-Ferrándiz ME; Castellote-Caballero Y, Clinical Rehabilitation [Clin Rehabil], ISSN: 1477-0873, 2017 Jun; Vol. 31 (6), pp. 753-760; Publisher: SAGE Publications; PMID: 27260764|
|Low back pain in young elite field hockey players, football players and speed skaters: Prevalence and risk factors||2015||van Hilst J, et al. (2015) . J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil 28(1):67-73.|
|Pilates and aerobic training improve levels of depression, anxiety and quality of life in overweight and obese individuals.||2017||Vancini RL, Rayes ABR, Lira CAB, Sarro KJ, Andrade MS. Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2017 Dec;75(12):850-857. doi: 10.1590/0004-282X20170149.|
|The effects of the Pilates method on hamstring extensibility, pelvic tilt and trunk flexion) [Spanish]||2015||Vaquero Cristobal R, Lopez Minarro PA, Alacid Carceles F, Esparza Ros F|
|The effects of 16-weeks Pilates mat program on anthropometric variables and body composition in active adult women after a short detraining period||2015||Vaquero-CristÃ³bal R, et al. (2015) . Nutr Hosp Apr 1;31(4):1738-47. doi: 10.3305/nh.2015.31.4.8501. (Spanish)|
|The effects of a Reformer Pilates program on body composition and morphological characteristics in active women after a detraining period.||2016||Vaquero-Cristobal R, et al. (2016) Women Health 56(7): 784-806.|
|Effects of Pilates and aqua fitness training on older adults' physical functioning and quality of life.||2013||Vécseyné MK, et al. (2013) Biomedical Human Kinetics 5(1):22-27. (Randomized Controlled Trial)|
|The effects of 12 weeks Pilates-inspired exercise training on functional performance in older women: A randomized clinical trial.||2017||Vieira ND, Testa D, Ruas PC, Salvini TF, Catai AM, de Melo RC. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2017 Apr;21(2):251-258. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.06.010. Epub 2016 Jun 21. Erratum in: J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2017 Jul;21(3):747.|
|The influence of Pilates exercises on body balance in the standing position of hearing impaired people [with consumer summary]||TBA||Walowska J, Bolach B, Bolach E|
|Exercise Benefits for Chronic Low Back Pain in Overweight and Obese Individuals.||2017||Wasser JG, Vasilopoulos T, Zdziarski LA, Vincent HK. PM R. 2017 Feb;9(2):181-192. doi: 10.1016/j.pmrj.2016.06.019. Epub 2016 Jun 23. Review.|
|Effectiveness of Pilates exercise in treating people with chronic low back pain: a systematic review of systematic reviews||2013||Wells C, Kolt GS, Marshall P, Hill B, Bialocerkowski A|
|Electrical Activity of Powerhouse Muscles During the Teaser Exercise of Pilates Using Different Types of Apparatus||2017||Werba DD, et al. (2017) . Percept Mot Skills 124(2), 452-461.|
|Pilates for low back pain (Cochrane review) [with consumer summary]||2015||Yamato TP, Maher CG, Saragiotto BT, Hancock MJ, Ostelo RWJG, Cabral CMN, Menezes Costa LC, Costa LOP 2015|
|Pilates for low back pain.||2016||Yamato TP; Maher CG; Saragiotto BT; Hancock MJ; Ostelo RW; Cabral CM; Costa LC; Costa LO, Sao Paulo Medical Journal = Revista Paulista De Medicina [Sao Paulo Med J], ISSN: 1806-9460, 2016 Jul-Aug; Vol. 134 (4), pp. 366-7; Publisher: Associac?a?o Paulista de Medicina; PMID: 27557145|
|Pilates for Low Back Pain: Complete Republication of a Cochrane Review.||2016||Yamato TP; Maher CG; Saragiotto BT; Hancock MJ; Ostelo RW; Cabral CM; Costa LC; Costa LO, Spine [Spine (Phila Pa 1976)], ISSN: 1528-1159, 2016 Jun; Vol. 41 (12), pp. 1013-21; Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; PMID: 26679894|
|Pilates for low back pain.||2015||Yamato TP; Maher CG; Saragiotto BT; Hancock MJ; Ostelo RW; Cabral CM; Menezes Costa LC; Costa LO, The Cochrane Database Of Systematic Reviews [Cochrane Database Syst Rev], ISSN: 1469-493X, 2015 Jul 02; (7); Publisher: Wiley; Cochrane AN: CD010265; PMID: 26133923|
|Interrater reliability of a Pilates movement-based classification system||2015||Yu KK, et al. (2015). J Bodywork Move Ther 19(1): 160-176.|
|Pilates-based mat exercises and parameters of quality of life in women with type 2 diabetes||TBA||Yucel H, Uysal O|
|Effectiveness of Pilates-based exercises on upper extremity disorders related with breast cancer treatment.||2017||Zengin Alpozgen A, Razak Ozdincler A, Karanlik H, Yaman Agaoglu F, Narin AN. Eur J Cancer Care (Engl). 2017 Nov;26(6). doi: 10.1111/ecc.12532. Epub 2016 Jun 23.|